Abortion Laws in Romania
|Law, Regulations||Law No. 140, 1996.|
|Indications||Life, health, “therapeutic reasons”.|
|Time limit||Not specified, anytime implied.|
|Providers||Doctor specialized in the area.|
|Location of Services||Authorized medical institutions or surgeries.|
ROMANIA. Law No. 140 of 5 November 1996 amending and completing the Penal Code. (Indrumare Legislativ, Vol. 11,
November 1996, pp. 884-943.)
Article 185. An interruption of pregnancy by any means carried out under one of these circumstances:
a) outside medical institutions or surgeries authorized for this purpose;
b) performed by personnel or a person who is not a doctor specialized in the area;
c) if the pregnancy exceeds fourteen weeks
shall be punished with six months’ to three years’ imprisonment.
Interruption of pregnancy carried out under any conditions without the approval of the pregnant woman shall be punished with two to seven years’ imprisonment and the suspension of other rights.
If the act provided for in paragraphs 1 and 2 results in any serious bodily injury to the pregnant woman, the punishment shall be three to ten years’ imprisonment and suspension of other rights; if the act results in the death of the pregnant woman, the punishment shall be five to fifteen years’ imprisonment and the suspension of other rights.
If the act provided for in paragraphs 2 and 3 was performed by a doctor, in addition to imprisonment, he or she shall be suspended from practicing his or her profession, according to Article 64 c).
Attempts are punishable.
An interruption of pregnancy performed by a doctor is not punishable:
a) if the operation is necessary to save the pregnant woman’s life, health, or bodily integrity from serious danger that is imminent and cannot be prevented by other means;
b) in the case provided for in paragraph 1c), if the interruption of pregnancy is absolutely necessary for therapeutic reasons, according to legal provisions;
c) in the case provided for in paragraph 2, when the pregnant woman is unable to express her will and the interruption of pregnancy is necessary for therapeutic reasons, according to the law.