Bleeding during a medical abortion
The instructions state that Mifepristone is the first drug to be taken. Only women a small number experience bleeding a small amount during this treatment.
Most women start bleeding only after taking the second drug in the series, Misoprostol (Cytotec). The discharge usually occurs within the first 1-4 hours after taking Misoprostol.
Normal discharge during a medical abortion is bloody. The discharge color and nature may vary from woman to woman. At first, the discharges may be scarlet (bright) with clots that gradually become darker and thicker in consistency and eventually become smeary. For other women, the release is initially dark-colored with chunks, and progressively the volume decreases to none.
There is no strict rule regarding the bleeding duration during a medical abortion; it is all very individual. However, it is believed that the heavy bleeding duration should not exceed the menstruation average duration in this woman, i.e., on average about 3-5 days. After that, the bleeding will gradually stop within 7 to 10 days. The discharge will continue until the next menstruation (period beginning) in rare cases.
The bleeding volume is directly proportional to the gestational age: the longer the period, the greater the volume.
A heavy discharge is when you need to change more than two pads with the highest absorption class within 1 hour, and it lasts for more than 2 hours. If this occurs, you should urgently consult a gynecologist. However, such heavy bleeding endangering the woman’s health and life during a medical abortion is infrequent.
The discharge a critical feature is the gradually decreasing volume.
Unfavorable factors are:
- Abrupt cessation of bleeding. This is more often due to the cervical canal blockage with the abortion products: fetal egg parts blood clots.
- Prolonged heavy bleeding. The main reason is an incomplete abortion when the gestational sac parts that did not detach prevent the uterus from contracting and stopping bleeding.
A gynecologist should be consulted to prevent more severe complications in both cases.
In all cases, a pelvic ultrasound (USG) should be obtained 10-14 days after the onset of bleeding to confirm the abortion’s success reliably.